Consider Jesus

April 20, 2014
Hebrews 3:1 1Therefore, holy brothers, you who share in a heavenly calling, consider Jesus, the apostle and high priest of our confession, ESV


  1. Priest
    1. Offering (a.k.a. Oblation)
      1. Immediate (towards God directly)
        1. Atonement, reconciliation, satisfaction, propitiation
      2. Mediate (towards us indirectly)
        1. Moral (Justification and pardon of sin)
        2. Real (Sanctification and holiness)
    2. Intercession
      1. He pleads our pardon (that we may be justified)
      2. He pleads for our help (that we may be sanctified)
  2. Prophet
    1. The revelation of God's will
      1. To Israel
      2. To the Church
    2. The revelation of God's person

Jesus as Priest

  1. 1 Timothy 2:5–6 5For there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, 6who gave himself as a ransom for all, which is the testimony given at the proper time. ESV
  2. Makes Offering On Our Behalf
    1. Immediate
      1. Atonement, reconciliation, satisfaction, propitiation
      2. Numbers 16:47–48 47So Aaron took it as Moses said and ran into the midst of the assembly. And behold, the plague had already begun among the people. And he put on the incense and made atonement for the people. 48And he stood between the dead and the living, and the plague was stopped. ESV
      3. 2 Samuel 24:24–25 24But the king said to Araunah, “No, but I will buy it from you for a price. I will not offer burnt offerings to the LORD my God that cost me nothing.” So David bought the threshing floor and the oxen for fifty shekels of silver. 25And David built there an altar to the LORD and offered burnt offerings and peace offerings. So the LORD responded to the plea for the land, and the plague was averted from Israel. ESV
      4. Isaiah 53:10–12 10Yet it was the will of the LORD to crush him; he has put him to grief; when his soul makes an offering for guilt, he shall see his offspring; he shall prolong his days; the will of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. 11Out of the anguish of his soul he shall see and be satisfied; by his knowledge shall the righteous one, my servant, make many to be accounted righteous, and he shall bear their iniquities. 12Therefore I will divide him a portion with the many, and he shall divide the spoil with the strong, because he poured out his soul to death and was numbered with the transgressors; yet he bore the sin of many, and makes intercession for the transgressors. ESV
      5. Matthew 20:28 28even as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life as a ransom for many.” ESV
      6. Ephesians 5:2b Christ loved us and gave himself up for us, a fragrant offering and sacrifice to God. ESV
    2. Mediate
      1. Moral,
        1. Justification and pardon of sin
        2. 2 Corinthians 5:21 21For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God. ESV
        3. Ephesians 1:7 7In him we have redemption through his blood, the forgiveness of our trespasses, according to the riches of his grace, ESV
        4. John 10:11, 14-15 11I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. 14I am the good shepherd. I know my own and my own know me, 15just as the Father knows me and I know the Father; and I lay down my life for the sheep. ESV
        5. 1 Peter 2:24 24He himself bore our sins in his body on the tree, that we might die to sin and live to righteousness. By his wounds you have been healed. ESV
        6. 1 Peter 3:18 18For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, ESV
      2. Real
        1. Sanctification and holiness
        2. Titus 2:14 14who gave himself for us to redeem us from all lawlessness and to purify for himself a people for his own possession who are zealous for good works. ESV
        3. Hebrews 9:14 14how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God. ESV
        4. Revelation 1:5 5and from Jesus Christ the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of kings on earth. To him who loves us and has freed us from our sins by his blood ESV
  3. Makes Intercession
    1. Exodus 28:12 12And you shall set the two stones on the shoulder pieces of the ephod, as stones of remembrance for the sons of Israel. And Aaron shall bear their names before the LORD on his two shoulders for remembrance. ESV
    2. Exodus 28:29 29So Aaron shall bear the names of the sons of Israel in the breastpiece of judgment on his heart, when he goes into the Holy Place, to bring them to regular remembrance before the LORD. ESV
    3. he doth intercede with God for the pardon of sin by virtue of his oblation
      1. Romans 8:34 34Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. ESV
      2. Hebrews 7:25 25Consequently, he is able to save to the uttermost those who draw near to God through him, since he always lives to make intercession for them. ESV
      3. Hebrews 9:24 24For Christ has entered, not into holy places made with hands, which are copies of the true things, but into heaven itself, now to appear in the presence of God on our behalf. ESV
      4. 1 John 2:1–2 1My little children, I am writing these things to you so that you may not sin. But if anyone does sin, we have an advocate with the Father, Jesus Christ the righteous. 2He is the propitiation for our sins, and not for ours only but also for the sins of the whole world. ESV
    4. He intercedes also for grace and supplies of the Spirit, that we may be made and kept holy.
      1. John 17:15, 17, 19 15I do not ask that you take them out of the world, but that you keep them from the evil one. 17Sanctify them in the truth; your word is truth. 19And for their sake I consecrate myself, that they also may be sanctified in truth. ESV
      2. 1 John 5:18 18We know that everyone who has been born of God does not keep on sinning, but he who was born of God protects him, and the evil one does not touch him. ESV

Jesus as Prophet

  1. The revelation of God in his will and commands, that we may obey him
    1. To Israel
      1. Romans 15:8 8For I tell you that Christ became a servant to the circumcised to show God’s truthfulness, in order to confirm the promises given to the patriarchs, ESV
      2. Matthew 18:21–22 21Then Peter came up and said to him, “Lord, how often will my brother sin against me, and I forgive him? As many as seven times?” 22Jesus said to him, “I do not say to you seven times, but seventy-seven times. ESV
      3. Matthew 15:24 24He answered, “I was sent only to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.” ESV
      4. Thus he restored the law to its pristine crown
      5. He opened, unveiled, explained, and vindicated, the preceptive part of the will of God before revealed, to the end that by a compliance therewith we should be holy
      6. We see this most fully in the sermon on the mount
      7. Look at Christ opening the law to the Jews in his sermon on the mount. What words have ever been spoken like these words? This is the prophet of God.
    2. To the Church
      1. Titus 2:11–12 11For the grace of God has appeared, bringing salvation for all people, 12training us to renounce ungodliness and worldly passions, and to live self-controlled, upright, and godly lives in the present age, ESV
      2. Such are faith in God through himself, brotherly love, denial of ourselves in taking up the cross, doing good for evil, with some others of the same kind; and how great a part of evangelical holiness consists in these things is known.
      3. John 6:29 29Jesus answered them, “This is the work of God, that you believe in him whom he has sent.” ESV
      4. Mark 16:16 16Whoever believes and is baptized will be saved, but whoever does not believe will be condemned. ESV
      5. John 13:34 34A new commandment I give to you, that you love one another: just as I have loved you, you also are to love one another. ESV
      6. Luke 9:23 23And he said to all, “If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily and follow me. ESV
      7. Matthew 18:15–20 15“If your brother sins against you, go and tell him his fault, between you and him alone. If he listens to you, you have gained your brother. 16But if he does not listen, take one or two others along with you, that every charge may be established by the evidence of two or three witnesses. 17If he refuses to listen to them, tell it to the church. And if he refuses to listen even to the church, let him be to you as a Gentile and a tax collector. 18Truly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven. 19Again I say to you, if two of you agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven. 20For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them.” ESV
  2. The revelation of God in his name and love, in the mystery of his grace, and goodness, and truth, by his promises, that we may believe in him
    1. John 1:18 18No one has ever seen God; the only God, who is at the Father’s side, he has made him known. ESV
    2. John 3:2 2This man came to Jesus by night and said to him, “Rabbi, we know that you are a teacher come from God, for no one can do these signs that you do unless God is with him.” ESV
    3. John 17:6 6“I have manifested your name to the people whom you gave me out of the world. Yours they were, and you gave them to me, and they have kept your word. ESV