The Ignorant and Wayward

Date:
October 18, 2015
Text:
Hebrews 5:1–3 1For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. 2He can deal gently with the ignorant and wayward, since he himself is beset with weakness. 3Because of this he is obligated to offer sacrifice for his own sins just as he does for those of the people. ESV

Jesus Christ is our great high priest who can deal gently with us, who are the ignorant and wayward, because he is meek & lowly & gentle & merciful & compassionate.

Review

  1. We will see through the course of this argument wherein Christ is like the priests of old and wherein he is distinct from them.
  2. But in both, whether alike or distinct, he is superior.
    1. Is there anything the priests of old did well, Jesus did and does it better. In this he is alike unto them yet superior to them.
    2. Is there anything the priests of old did poorly, Jesus rectifies their shortcomings. In this he is distinct in his superiority to them.
  3. A comparison of Jesus to all other high priests, evincing:
    1. That whatever was useful or excellent in such a high priest was to be found in a more eminent manner in Jesus Christ, the only real and proper high priest of the church; as also,
    2. That whatever was weak and infirm in such a priest, necessarily attending his frail and sinful condition, which either eclipsed the glory or weakened the efficacy of the office as by him discharged, had no place in him at all.

Compassion

  1. Every priest must be compassionate
    1. By their clothing, their manner of life, who they married, a priest was separated from the common people. Because this things we are apt to think that the priests were austere and unapproachable.
    2. A requirement for the priesthood is that they must be compassionate so that he might deal gently with sinners.
  2. Why must a priest be compassionate
    1. A priest is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God
    2. Hebrews 5:1 1For every high priest chosen from among men is appointed to act on behalf of men in relation to God, to offer gifts and sacrifices for sins. ESV
  3. Wherein is Jesus Christ the fulfilment of a gentle priest?
    1. Christ is full of mercy. He is predisposed toward pity and compassion and therein is he ready to relieve and succor the ignorant and the wayward -- those who are in most need of his especial priestly aid.
    2. Christ:
      1. He by whom the universe was created:
      2. He who is unchangeable (immutable)
      3. He whose eyes are "too pure to look on evil"
      4. This same Christ can be touched by a feeling
        1. Psalm 56:8 8You have kept count of my tossings; put my tears in your bottle. Are they not in your book? ESV
        2. We forget how bizarre this is
        3. Moreover, if he couldn't then he couldn't be our high priest and we couldn't be saved. In other words Christ being a human being is necessary for your salvation. Now, not only so he might live and die.
      5. Hebrews 2:17–18 17Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted. ESV
      6. Hebrews 4:15 15For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. ESV

Ignorant and Wayward

  1. Who are the ignorant and wayward?
    1. Ignorant
      1. Two ways of sinning against God's law (Seen in Lev 4, 5 and Num 15)
        1. Ignorance
          1. Sacrifices existed for
          2. Leviticus 4:2 2“Speak to the people of Israel, saying, If anyone sins unintentionally in any of the LORD’s commandments about things not to be done, and does any one of them, ESV
          3. Leviticus 4:13–14 13“If the whole congregation of Israel sins unintentionally and the thing is hidden from the eyes of the assembly, and they do any one of the things that by the LORD’s commandments ought not to be done, and they realize their guilt, 14when the sin which they have committed becomes known, the assembly shall offer a bull from the herd for a sin offering and bring it in front of the tent of meeting. ESV
          4. Leviticus 4:22–23 22“When a leader sins, doing unintentionally any one of all the things that by the commandments of the LORD his God ought not to be done, and realizes his guilt, 23or the sin which he has committed is made known to him, he shall bring as his offering a goat, a male without blemish, ESV
          5. Leviticus 4:27–28 27“If anyone of the common people sins unintentionally in doing any one of the things that by the LORD’s commandments ought not to be done, and realizes his guilt, 28or the sin which he has committed is made known to him, he shall bring for his offering a goat, a female without blemish, for his sin which he has committed. ESV
          6. Leviticus 5:15 15“If anyone commits a breach of faith and sins unintentionally in any of the holy things of the LORD, he shall bring to the LORD as his compensation, a ram without blemish out of the flock, valued in silver shekels, according to the shekel of the sanctuary, for a guilt offering. ESV
          7. Numbers 15:22 22“But if you sin unintentionally, and do not observe all these commandments that the LORD has spoken to Moses, ESV
          8. Numbers 15:27 27“If one person sins unintentionally, he shall offer a female goat a year old for a sin offering. ESV
          9. 1 Timothy 1:13 13though formerly I was a blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent. But I received mercy because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, ESV
        2. High hand
          1. Presumptuously
            1. Numbers 15:29 29You shall have one law for him who does anything unintentionally, for him who is native among the people of Israel and for the stranger who sojourns among them. ESV
            2. Numbers 15:30–31 30But the person who does anything with a high hand, whether he is native or a sojourner, reviles the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from among his people. 31Because he has despised the word of the LORD and has broken his commandment, that person shall be utterly cut off; his iniquity shall be on him.” ESV
            3. Numbers 14:44 44But they presumed to go up to the heights of the hill country, although neither the ark of the covenant of the LORD nor Moses departed out of the camp. ESV
            4. Psalm 95:10–11 10For forty years I loathed that generation and said, “They are a people who go astray in their heart, and they have not known my ways.” 11Therefore I swore in my wrath, “They shall not enter my rest.” ESV
            5. Psalm 19:12–13 12Who can discern his errors? Declare me innocent from hidden faults. 13Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me! Then I shall be blameless, and innocent of great transgression. ESV
            6. Hebrews 3:12 12Take care, brothers, lest there be in any of you an evil, unbelieving heart, leading you to fall away from the living God. ESV
            7. Hebrews 3:18–19 18And to whom did he swear that they would not enter his rest, but to those who were disobedient? 19So we see that they were unable to enter because of unbelief. ESV
          2. Cut off
            1. Numbers 15:27–30 27“If one person sins unintentionally, he shall offer a female goat a year old for a sin offering. 28And the priest shall make atonement before the LORD for the person who makes a mistake, when he sins unintentionally, to make atonement for him, and he shall be forgiven. 29You shall have one law for him who does anything unintentionally, for him who is native among the people of Israel and for the stranger who sojourns among them. 30But the person who does anything with a high hand, whether he is native or a sojourner, reviles the LORD, and that person shall be cut off from among his people. ESV
          3. Deliberately
            1. Hebrews 10:26 26For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, ESV
      2. Two misconceptions
        1. This is limited to the Old Testament
          1. Acts 13:38–39 38Let it be known to you therefore, brothers, that through this man forgiveness of sins is proclaimed to you, 39and by him everyone who believes is freed from everything from which you could not be freed by the law of Moses. ESV
          2. 1 Timothy 1:13 13though formerly I was a blasphemer, persecutor, and insolent opponent. But I received mercy because I had acted ignorantly in unbelief, ESV
          3. Hebrews 10:26–27 26For if we go on sinning deliberately after receiving the knowledge of the truth, there no longer remains a sacrifice for sins, 27but a fearful expectation of judgment, and a fury of fire that will consume the adversaries. ESV
          4. 1 John 5:16 16If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will give him life—to those who commit sins that do not lead to death. There is sin that leads to death; I do not say that one should pray for that. ESV
        2. It is not only an ignorance of the law that is intended
          1. Lev 5 when the mind or practical understanding, being corrupted or entangled by the power of sin and its advantageous circumstances, doth not attend unto its duty, or the rule of all its actions; whence actual sin doth ensue. And this is the principal cause and spring of all the sins of our lives Those, therefore, who are “ignorant” in this place, are such as who, through the inadvertency of their minds, or want of a due and diligent attendance unto the rule of all their actions, do fall into sin as well as those who do so through a mere ignorance of their duty. this is the principal cause and spring of all the sins of our lives Of this nature is final unbelief alone under the gospel; therefore on all others our high priest is able to have compassion, and will especially exercise it towards poor, dark, ignorant wanderers No sort of sinners is excluded from an interest in the care and love of our compassionate high priest, but only those who exclude themselves by their unbelief.
      3. Summary: ask God to protect you from presumption and to forgive you of ignorance
        1. Psalm 19:12–13 12Who can discern his errors? Declare me innocent from hidden faults. 13Keep back your servant also from presumptuous sins; let them not have dominion over me! Then I shall be blameless, and innocent of great transgression. ESV
    2. Wayward
      1. Verses
        1. Psalm 119:176 176I have gone astray like a lost sheep; seek your servant, for I do not forget your commandments. ESV
        2. Isaiah 53:6 6All we like sheep have gone astray; we have turned—every one—to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. ESV
        3. 1 Peter 2:25 25For you were straying like sheep, but have now returned to the Shepherd and Overseer of your souls. ESV
        4. Hebrews 3:10 10Therefore I was provoked with that generation, and said, ‘They always go astray in their heart; they have not known my ways.’ ESV
      2. In heart
        1. The heart's dislike of the ways of God and voluntary giving them up, which is analogous to presumpteous sinning. This answers to the presumptuous sinning before mentioned, and is no object of compassion either in God or our High Priest
      3. In Way
        1. There is a wandering consistent with gospel holiness.
        2. Remember back to our teaching on gospel holiness if you will. The holiness of Noah, Job, Abraham, David, Asa, and many others. This righteousness is not perfection as we would think of it but rather uprightness.
        3. 2 Chronicles 16:7 7At that time Hanani the seer came to Asa king of Judah and said to him, “Because you relied on the king of Syria, and did not rely on the LORD your God, the army of the king of Syria has escaped you. ESV
        4. 2 Chronicles 16:10 10Then Asa was angry with the seer and put him in the stocks in prison, for he was in a rage with him because of this. And Asa inflicted cruelties upon some of the people at the same time. ESV
        5. 2 Chronicles 15:17b Nevertheless, the heart of Asa was wholly true all his days. ESV
        6. A seduction by temptations
  2. Why we need such a high priest?
    1. Leviticus 16:21 21And Aaron shall lay both his hands on the head of the live goat, and confess over it all the iniquities of the people of Israel, and all their transgressions, all their sins. And he shall put them on the head of the goat and send it away into the wilderness by the hand of a man who is in readiness. ESV
    2. A priesthood was thus established that whatever ignorant and wayward sin a man might fall into he could maintain relationship with God
      1. The people of God so quickly sell themselves into slavery
      2. Satan cracks his whip and God's people set their shoulder to his work calling it the work of God
        1. John 16:2 2They will put you out of the synagogues. Indeed, the hour is coming when whoever kills you will think he is offering service to God. ESV
  3. Ignorant and Wayward: A qualification of those who are to receive aid.
    1. The meanest herein are those who ought to expect the most aid
    2. Jerusalem sinners
    3. Be willing to count yourself the chief thereof.
    4. The office of high priest was instituted to give aid to the ignorant and the wayward. So much so that cpmassion, pity, mercy, meekness, and gentleness to the weak and the infirm who are bugiled, tricked, decived, harried by sin is a qualification for the office. This qualification does our Jesus meet.
      1. Isaiah 55:1 1“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. ESV
      2. Matthew 11:28–30 28Come to me, all who labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. 29Take my yoke upon you, and learn from me, for I am gentle and lowly in heart, and you will find rest for your souls. 30For my yoke is easy, and my burden is light.” ESV
      3. Matthew 12:20–21 20a bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not quench, until he brings justice to victory; 21and in his name the Gentiles will hope.” ESV

Application

  1. Expect help and aid from Christ in your need
    1. Lamentations 3:21–23 21But this I call to mind, and therefore I have hope: 22The steadfast love of the LORD never ceases; his mercies never come to an end; 23they are new every morning; great is your faithfulness. ESV
    2. Psalm 77:1–2 1I cry aloud to God, aloud to God, and he will hear me. 2In the day of my trouble I seek the Lord; in the night my hand is stretched out without wearying; my soul refuses to be comforted. ESV
    3. Psalm 85:4–6 4Restore us again, O God of our salvation, and put away your indignation toward us! 5Will you be angry with us forever? Will you prolong your anger to all generations? 6Will you not revive us again, that your people may rejoice in you? ESV
    4. Isaiah 27:4 4I have no wrath. Would that I had thorns and briers to battle! I would march against them, I would burn them up together. ESV
  2. You are upheld because of this in Christ
    1. Think of the frequency, repetition, grievousness of your sins
    2. Think of the provocation of Israel upon which God swore, "They shall not enter..." Why hasn't he sworn this of you already? There is not a day wherein we answer and make good the engagements of our own hearts, either in matter or manner, as to our walking before him in the constant exercise of faith and love Sin is the principal affliction, the principal suffering of believers; yea, all other things are light unto them in comparison hereof
  3. We have need of both sacrifice and compassion from our priest.
    1. There is a difference now that Jesus has become man.
  4. Sin is wandering from the way. Psa 119:1
    1. Psalm 119:1 1Blessed are those whose way is blameless, who walk in the law of the LORD! ESV
  5. A man most deal with his own sins before dealing with the sins of others
  6. A compassion is necessary.
    1. Of old that compassion flowed from 2 sources
      1. The natural weakness of humanity
      2. The sinful weakness of fallen humanity
    2. Christ having become a man and suffered as such has become our merciful high priest.
      1. Hebrews 2:17–18 17Therefore he had to be made like his brothers in every respect, so that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the service of God, to make propitiation for the sins of the people. 18For because he himself has suffered when tempted, he is able to help those who are being tempted. ESV
      2. Hebrews 4:15 15For we do not have a high priest who is unable to sympathize with our weaknesses, but one who in every respect has been tempted as we are, yet without sin. ESV